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6th Grade English

Adjectives

 

1.                  Adjectives modify the meaning of a noun or a pronoun

a.       Modify:  change: cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

2.                  Adjectives tell which, whose, what kind, and how many.

3.                  Articles (a, an, the) act as adjectives.

a.       use "an" before a word starting with a vowel, "a" before a word starting with a consonant.

4.                  Adjectives can be:

a.       attributive (generally come before the noun or pronoun)

b.      predicate (follow a linking verb)

5.                  Seven words are always adjectives:

a, an, the, my, our, your, their

6.                  Other parts of speech can act as adjectives:

a.      Pronouns

                                                               i.      demonstrative (this, that, these, those)

1.      Use this or that before singular nouns, these or those before plural nouns

                                                             ii.      interrogative (which, whose, what)

                                                            iii.      indefinite (another, any, both, neither, many, neither, one, other, some)

                                                           iv.      numbers

1.      cardinal (one, two, ten, and so on)

2.      ordinal (first, second, tenth, and so on)

b.      Nouns

                                                               i.      possessives

                                                             ii.      without changing form, as modifiers

c.       Verbs

                                                               i.      present participles, often ending in –ing

                                                             ii.      past participles, often ending in –ed

7.                  Attributive adjectives follow an order pattern: (article-number-size-color)

8.                  Comparisons

a.      positive, comparative, superlative

b.      add –er and –est for 1-2 syllable words

c.       add more and most for 2+ syllable words

d.      irregular comparisons include many, bad, good, much, and perfect.

e.       do not use double comparisons

 

 

Notes:

 

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Adjective Vocabulary:

 

adjective:................................. A part of speech which modifies a noun, usually making the meaning of the noun more specific

attributive:................................ An adjective or noun placed before or right after its noun.

comparative:............................ Showing whether one thing, idea, or quality is greater or lesser than another.  Used with two things being compared.

demonstrative:......................... Pointing out or showing something specific..

indefinite:................................. Pronouns substituted for something of unknown quantity or quality

interrogative:............................ Describes a part of speech asking a question

modify:.................................... To change something, make it different, or transform it. 

participle:................................. The -ing and -ed forms of verbs.

positive:................................... The standard form of an adjective. 

possessive:.............................. Anoun, pronoun, or adjective form that shows ownership or possession.

predicate:................................ The part of a sentence which includes the verb but does not include the subject.

superlative:.............................. Showing a comparison in extreme form.  The superlative of an adjective shows that a quality is the greatest or least of all.  Used with three or more things being compared.